Get High-Quality ACSR From GLZW
Looking for a trustworthy supplier of aluminum conductor steel reinforced (ACSR) products? Your search ends here with GLZW! We are proud to offer wholesale ACSR sourced from China, manufactured using top-of-the-line materials.
• GLZW’s ACSR delivers superior performance with high electrical conductivity and mechanical strength.
• Competitive pricing makes it an excellent choice for small- and large-scale projects.
• Customizable options are available to suit a range of needs.
• GLZW’s ACSR guarantees superior performance, affordability, and personalization.
• The market price of ACSR ranges between $1.5-$5 per meter of conductor length, depending on raw materials prices, quality of the conductor itself, market demand, transportation/logistics costs, production costs, and economic factors.
• Factors such as these often cause fluctuations in the market price of ACSR which must be monitored to navigate the electrical industry successfully.
List of Standard Specifications for ACSR
|Material Composition||Galvanized steel core surrounded by concentric layers of aluminum wire. Aluminum used is typically 1350-H19.|
|Resistance||Calculated using ASTM standard increments of stranding and metal conductivity of 61.2% IACS for EC (1350) and 8% IACS for steel.|
|Stranding||Varies depending on specific type of ACSR. Example: 605 Squab ACSR has a stranding of 26/7 (26 aluminum strands/7 steel strands).|
|Diameter||Varies depending on specific type of ACSR. Example: 605 Squab ACSR has an aluminum diameter of 0.1525 inches and a steel diameter of 0.1186 inches.|
|Standards||Meets or exceeds several ASTM specifications including B230, B232/B232M, and others such as IEC61089, BS215 part2, DIN48204, and BS EN50182.|
|Surface Finish||Available with Non-Specular (Dull) Surface Finish and can be color-coated as per customized requirements.|
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What is ACSR?
The uses of ACSR are diverse, ranging from power lines for rural electrification to high-voltage power grids that transport electricity over long distances. The application of ACSR also extends to coastal areas, where high salt content may corrode standard aluminum conductors. ACSR is an ideal solution because its steel core design provides durability and corrosion resistance under harsh environmental conditions.
What is an ACSR conductor and its composition?
ACSR stands for Aluminum Conductor Steel Reinforced, a type of electrical cable. It consists of a central core of one or more steel strands surrounded by multiple layers of aluminum wire. ACSR conductors are used for overhead transmission lines because of their high strength and durability.
What is the Role of Aluminum in ACSR?
Aluminum is the primary material used in ACSR conductors. Aluminum is an excellent conductor of electricity, with a conductance of around 60% of that of copper. It is lightweight, making it easier to handle and install. Moreover, aluminum is corrosion-resistant, essential for cables exposed to the elements.
What is the Role of Steel in ACSR?
Steel is used to reinforce the core of the ACSR conductor. Steel has a high tensile strength, which is needed to support the weight of the cables over long distances. The steel core supports the aluminum wires around it, allowing the ACSR cables to withstand the mechanical stresses imposed on them.
What is the Composition of ACSR Cable?
The composition of ACSR cable is a combination of aluminum and steel. The aluminum wires make up the cable’s outer layer, while the inner core comprises one or more steel strands. The aluminum wires are wrapped around the steel core in a helix, creating a high-strength, durable, and conductivity cable.
How is ACSR Aluminum Conductor Steel Reinforced Made?
The production process of ACSR conductors starts with the steel core. The steel strands are drawn to the desired thickness and then stranded together to make the core. The aluminum wires are then wrapped in a helix around the steel core, insulated by a layer of grease or other materials to prevent corrosion. The cable is then tested to ensure it meets the required electrical and mechanical standards.
What are the Advantages of Using ACSR Cables?
ACSR cables have several advantages over other conductor types. They have high strength, durability, and conductivity, making them ideal for use in overhead transmission lines. They are also lightweight, making them easier to handle and install. ACSR cables are corrosion-resistant and can withstand extreme weather conditions, making them a reliable and long-lasting option. Finally, they are cost-effective, making them the preferred choice for many electrical transmission projects.
What are the different sizes and ratings of ACSR conductors?
The ACSR conductor is an electrical conductor commonly used in high-voltage power transmission. ACSR stands for Aluminum Conductor Steel Reinforced. As the name implies, the conductor is made up of a core of steel and an outer layer of aluminum. The steel core provides strength and support, while the aluminum layer provides conductivity. ACSR conductors are available in various sizes and ratings. The length of the conductor is typically denoted by its overall diameter, which can range from a few millimeters to several centimeters. The conductor’s rating measures its ampacity or the maximum amount of current it can carry without overheating.
What is the strength of the ACSR conductor?
The strength of the ACSR conductor is determined by the size and composition of its core. The steel core provides the ACSR conductor with the necessary strength to withstand the mechanical stresses of long-distance power transmission lines. The strength of the conductor is typically denoted by its tensile strength, which is the force that can be applied before the conductor breaks. ACSR conductors are designed to have high tensile strength, which allows them to be used in transmission lines that span long distances and are subject to wind and ice loading.
How is the size of the ACSR conductor determined?
The size of the ACSR conductor is determined by its cross-sectional area and overall diameter. The cross-sectional area is the amount of space the conductor occupies in a plane perpendicular to its length. The overall diameter is the distance across the conductor at its widest point. The size of the conductor is typically denoted by the American Wire Gauge (AWG) size, a standardized system for measuring the size of electrical conductors. The AWG size reflects the cross-sectional area of the conductor and ranges from 6 AWG to 1000 AWG. The larger the AWG size, the smaller the overall diameter of the conductor.
What are the different AWG sizes available for ACSR conductors?
ACSR conductors are available in a wide range of AWG sizes, ranging from 6 AWG to 1000 AWG. The smaller AWG sizes are typically used in applications that require high ampacity but do not require the conductor to be particularly strong or durable. The larger AWG sizes are typically used in applications that require high strength and durability, such as long-distance power transmission lines. The choice of AWG size for a specific application depends on various factors, including the amount of current that needs to be carried, the distance that the transmission line spans, and the environmental conditions that the conductor will be exposed to.
What is the ampacity rating of an ACSR conductor?
The ampacity rating of the ACSR conductor measures the maximum amount of current it can carry without overheating. The ampacity rating of the conductor is determined by various factors, including its size, composition, and the environmental conditions it will be exposed to. ACSR conductors are designed to have high ampacity ratings, which allows them to carry large amounts of current without overheating and melting.
How does the diameter of an ACSR conductor affect its performance?
The diameter of the ACSR conductor plays a significant role in its performance. The diameter of the conductor affects its strength, weight, and resistance to electrical current. A more prominent diameter conductor will typically have a higher tensile strength, making it suitable for long-distance transmission lines subject to wind and ice loading. However, a more prominent diameter conductor will also be heavier and more expensive to manufacture and install. The diameter of the conductor also affects its resistance to electrical current. A more prominent diameter conductor will typically have a lower resistance, which means it can carry more current without overheating. However, a more prominent diameter conductor will also have a higher capacitance, which can lead to power losses and interference with nearby transmission lines.
What are the applications and uses of ACSR cables?
Where are ACSR Cables Commonly Used?
ACSR cables are most commonly used in power transmission and distribution systems, where the demand for both efficiency and reliability is high. They are well-suited for long-distance transmission lines because of their high tensile strength, low sag properties, and excellent conductivity. In addition, their mechanical strength and robustness make them ideal for use in harsh environmental conditions, such as coastal and mountainous areas. They are also used in railway electrification, over-ground transmission lines, and river crossings.
What are the Advantages of Using ACSR Cables for Distribution Lines?
One of the key advantages of using ACSR cables for distribution lines is their high strength-to-weight ratio. They can support heavy loads over long distances with minimal sag or stretching, which is crucial for power transmission. Another benefit is their excellent resistance to mechanical loads and fatigue, which ensures the long-term durability and reliability of the system. Additionally, their low electrical resistance helps reduce power losses during transmission, which translates to higher efficiency and cost savings.
How Does the Zinc Coating on ACSR Cables Provide Corrosion Protection?
ACSR cables are exposed to various environmental factors, such as moisture, chemicals, and extreme temperatures, which can cause corrosion and damage to the cable over time. To prevent this, ACSR cables are typically coated with a layer of zinc. The zinc provides a barrier between the steel core and the surrounding atmosphere, preventing the formation of rust and other forms of corrosion. This zinc coating helps prolong the cable’s lifespan, reduce maintenance costs, and improve the overall performance of the transmission line.
What are the Different ASTM Standards for ACSR Cables?
ASTM (American Society for Testing and Materials) sets standards for the composition, quality, and performance of ACSR cables. Some essential ASTM standards applicable to ACSR cables include ASTM B232, ASTM B498, ASTM B500, and ASTM B710. These standards specify the alloy composition, mechanical and electrical properties, corrosion resistance, and other vital parameters for ACSR cables. Compliance with these standards ensures that the wires meet industry quality, safety, and reliability standards.
What are the Alloy Composition Options for ACSR Cables?
ACSR cables are typically composed of an aluminum conductor and one or more layers of steel wires. The steel wires are usually made of high-strength carbon steel or aluminum-coated steel. Different alloys and steel grades may be used depending on the application and performance requirements. For example, high-carbon steel wires provide greater strength and corrosion resistance, while aluminum-coated steel wires offer better conductivity and low sag properties. The choice of alloy composition depends on various factors, such as the application, operating conditions, and budget constraints.
How are ACSR cables designed and manufactured?
What is the Process for Making ACSR Conductor Steel Reinforced?
The manufacturing process for ACSR cables is quite complex and involves several stages. First, the steel core combines several high-strength steel wires into a single-stranded line. Next, a layer of aluminum wires is wrapped around the steel core using a twisting machine. This is repeated until the desired number of layers and wire sizes is achieved. Finally, the cable is galvanized to protect it from corrosion and other environmental factors that could compromise its performance.
What are the Considerations in Designing ACSR Cables for Transmission Lines?
When designing ACSR cables for transmission lines, several factors must be considered. First and foremost, the cable must be strong enough to withstand the forces acting on it, including the weight of the line itself and the tension it experiences during operation. Additionally, the line must resist environmental factors such as wind, ice, and lightning. Finally, the line must have suitable electrical conductivity to ensure efficient power transmission.
How is the Core Wire of ACSR Made?
The core wire of ACSR is made by combining several high-strength steel wires into a single-stranded cable. These wires are typically made from a specialized type of high-tensile-strength steel, characterized by its strength, flexibility, and resistance to bending and twisting. The core wire is designed to provide the cable with its primary structural support and withstand the forces acting on it during operation.
What Techniques Are Used for Galvanizing ACSR Cables?
Galvanization is a critical step in the manufacturing process for ACSR cables, protecting them from corrosion and other environmental factors. Several techniques are used for galvanizing ACSR cables, including hot-dip galvanization and electro-galvanization. Hot-dip galvanization involves immersing the line in a bath of molten zinc. In contrast, electro-galvanization involves passing an electric current through the line while it is in contact with a zinc solution.
How Does the Structure of ACSR Cable Enable Higher Tensions?
The structure of ACSR cable enables higher tensions by taking advantage of the strength of its central steel core. The cable design allows it to resist the forces acting upon it, including the forces generated by the weight of the line itself and the tension it experiences during operation. The aluminum wires surrounding the central steel core also provide the bar with high electrical conductivity, making it an efficient electrical power conductor. This combination of strength and conductivity enables ACSR cable to reliably and efficiently transmit power over long distances at high tensions.
What are the advantages of ACSR cables in overhead transmission?
What is the role of ACSR cables in reducing sag?
One key feature that makes ACSR cables ideal for transmission lines is their ability to resist sagging. Sagging occurs when the cable is exposed to high temperatures or heavy loads, resulting in a lower vertical height than its original placement. However, ACSR cables have steel reinforcements that provide excellent support and prevent excessive sagging. This feature ensures the cable remains stable, reducing the risk of power interruption or line damage.
How do the resistance and conductivity of ACSR cables affect transmission?
The resistance and conductivity of ACSR cables play a crucial role in power transmission. The conductivity measures how well the cable can conduct electricity, while resistance measures its opposition to electrical flow. ACSR cables have superior conductivity, allowing them to transmit high voltage with minimal energy loss. Their low resistance also minimizes the risks of voltage drop and line heating, translating to safe and efficient power transmission.
What is the role of grease in ACSR cables for corrosion protection?
ACSR cables are prone to corrosion due to their exposure to moisture and other environmental factors. Grease plays a crucial role in protecting these cables against corrosion. The oil acts as a lubricant and provides a protective layer on the cable surfaces. The grease application also helps prevent moisture from penetrating the line, preventing oxidation and corrosion.
How is the complete cable infused with grease for better performance?
The infusion process of grease in ACSR cable involves pumping the cable with lubrication under high pressure. The high-pressure pumps ensure that the oil is distributed consistently throughout the line. The lubricant also fills the gaps, protecting the cable’s core from moisture and other environmental elements. This process enhances the cable’s performance by improving its lubrication, reducing friction, and minimizing the risk of corrosion.
What are the features that make ACSR cables ideal for transmission lines?
Several features make ACSR cables ideal for transmission lines. These include their high mechanical durability, low sagging characteristics, high tensile strength, and excellent conductivity. Additionally, ACSR cables are cost-effective, easy to maintain, and have a long service life. These features make ACSR cables a reliable and cost-effective choice for power transmission infrastructure.
Frequently Asked Questions
A: ACSR offers a high strength-to-weight ratio due to its steel core. The steel wires provide support and reinforcement, making the conductor suitable for overhead transmission lines.
A: The steel core in ACSR provides strength and structural integrity to the conductor. It helps to withstand the mechanical stresses imposed during installation and operation.
A: ACSR can be used for primary and secondary transmission lines. Its strength and ampacity make it suitable for various applications in the electrical power industry.
A: The maximum operating temperature for ACSR depends on the specific design and configuration of the conductor. It is typically determined by the aluminum alloy used and can vary between manufacturers.
A: ACSR can be used in all practical spans on wood poles. Its long service record and high strength-to-weight ratio make it suitable for overhead transmission lines.
A: Some advantages of using ACSR include its high strength-to-weight ratio, long service record, and suitability for a wide range of overhead transmission line applications. It also offers good conductivity and is cost-effective compared to other conductor materials.
A: Specific greases are available to infuse the complete cable with fat. These greases are designed to provide lubrication and protection to the conductor, enhancing its performance and longevity.
A: Yes, ACSR can be used in wind-prone areas. It has a high strength-to-weight ratio and can withstand the mechanical stresses of wind and other environmental factors.
A: The aluminum wires in ACSR serve as the conductive element. They carry the electrical current, while the steel core provides strength and reinforcement to the conductor.