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Tray Cable

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  • Cable

    Why Choose GLZW's Tray Cable?

Why Choose GLZW's Tray Cable?
Tray Cable Price
  • Cable

    Tray Cable Price

Tray cable is a vital component in various industrial and commercial settings, providing an efficient and dependable means of transferring power and control. Although the price of tray cable can vary depending on factors such as the type of conductor, insulation material, and cable length, a general market price range for tray cable can be estimated.

For instance, a 100-ft reel of 14AWG bare copper tray cable with PVC insulation can range from $65 to $100. Meanwhile, a 500-ft reel of 12AWG tinned copper tray cable with XLPE insulation can cost between $500 to $700. The cost of tray cable can also vary depending on the supplier, with some offering discounts for bulk orders.

List of Standard Specifications for Tray Cable

Conductor MaterialTinned Copper or Copper
Insulation MaterialPVC, XLPE, or LSZH
Voltage Rating600V
Temperature Range-40℃ to +90℃
Number of Conductors2-37
ShieldingOptional Overall and Individual Shields
Jacket MaterialPVC, XLPE, or LSZH
Color CodingICEA or Customer Specified
CertificationsRoHS, CE, UL, CSA

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The Ultimate Guide to Tray Cable

Discover the world of tray cable! With GLZW’s Ultimate Guide to Tray Cable, you’ll get all the information you need about this essential wiring solution. From installation and maintenance tips to a comprehensive overview of industry standards, our guide will give you the confidence you need when choosing the suitable tray cable for your project.

What is Tray Cable?

What is Tray Cable?

Tray cable is a multi-conductor cable used for power and control applications in various industries, including chemical plants, industrial plants, generating stations, and commercial buildings. It can have tinned copper or copper conductors and is usually installed in cable trays. The insulated conductors can be low smoke zero halogens and come in various sizes.

Types of Tray Cable

Tray cable comes in various types, including Type TC, the most commonly used. The wires can have stranded conductors ranging from 12 AWG to 4 AWG and come with PVC outer jackets. They are available with multiple insulation materials, such as polyvinyl chloride (PVC), cross-linked polyethylene (XLPE insulation), and cross-linked ethylene-propylene rubber. Tray cables can also have both power and control conductors.

Applications of Tray Cable

Tray cable is an all-around cable that provides dependable operation even in demanding conditions. Its flexibility makes it suitable for transferring power and control in electronic equipment and electrical instruments. Tray cables are ideal for use in environments with high temperatures, dry conditions, and resistance to moisture exposure. They resist corrosion caused by wet conditions and long-term exposure to sunlight.

Benefits of Using Tray Cable

Tray cables offer many advantages over other types of wire, including flexibility and ease of installation. The line is resistant to moisture exposure and can be installed outdoors in areas that are not moisture-resistant. Its insulation and sheathing are flame retardant and low smoke, providing excellent chemical resistance.

Standards and Regulations for Tray Cable

Tray cable must meet specific requirements, such as Type TC cable standards, including the circuit load’s ampacity. The maximum allowable current capacity must not exceed that of each conductor separately. Tray cable wires are not designed for direct burial applications except for high-density chlorinated polyethylene (HDPE). It also requires special sun protection and anti-corrosion trays for direct burial purposes. Tray cable should not be used in home settings, as it isn’t as common as other lines, such as house and electrical wires. Tray cables are usually installed in an industrial environment with little wire movement.

How is Tray Cable Different from Regular Cable?

How is Tray Cable Different from Regular Cable?

Tray cable differs from regular cable in various ways, from construction to installation. This cable is known for its multi-conductor feature, allowing it to transfer power and control signals. It is commonly used in industrial and commercial settings, whereas regular cables are often used in residential applications.

Differences in Construction:

Tray cable has unique construction, making it suitable for use in harsh environments where other lines may not be ideal. It typically features multiple insulated conductors and shielding for superior electrical performance. The conductor can be made from tinned copper or copper, and the entire cable can be protected with nylon sheathing or other protective layers. This construction provides the line with excellent flexibility, making it easy to install in cable trays.

Differences in Insulation Materials:

Tray cable has different insulation materials, such as PVC, polyethylene (XLPE), and cross-linked ethylene-propylene rubber. These materials offer varying degrees of resistance to other environments, such as moisture, sunlight, and corrosive substances. In contrast, regular cables are usually covered with insulation materials such as PVC or polyethylene (PE) and are available in solid or stranded conductors.

Differences in Applications:

Tray cable is primarily used in industrial and commercial settings, where high temperatures, moisture, sunlight, and other environmental factors may be present. It is commonly used in chemical plants, power plants, and generating stations. On the other hand, regular cables are typically used in residential settings, such as homes and apartments, where lower voltages and amperages are required.

Differences in Installation:

Tray cable is typically installed in trays, conduits, or raceways to protect it from damage and provide additional support. It can also be buried directly in the ground but requires special protection and anti-corrosion trays. Regular cables are typically installed in walls, ceilings, or floors, often using staples or conduits.

Differences in Cost:

Tray cable is usually more expensive than regular cable due to its construction, flexibility, and insulation materials. However, its life-cycle cost may be lower than standard lines because of its superior performance and durability. Classic cables are available in a broader range of sizes and styles, making them more affordable overall.

What are the Key Features of Tray Cables?

What are the Key Features of Tray Cables?


Tray cable is a type of multi-conductor wire made of tinned copper or copper. The conductors are stranded or solid and are surrounded by insulation material. These conductors are the backbone of the tray cable, allowing it to transfer power and control signals between electrical instruments and electronic equipment. Tray cables are available in various wire sizes and insulation materials, making them suitable for multiple applications.


The insulation of tray cable plays a crucial role in protecting the conductors from damage and ensuring reliable signal transmission. Tray cables are available in various types of insulation, including polyvinyl chloride (PVC), cross-linked polyethylene (XLPE), and cross-linked ethylene-propylene rubber. These materials resist environmental factors such as moisture, temperature, and chemicals. Tray cables with low smoke zero halogens (LSZH) insulated conductors are also available, which can prevent the release of harmful fumes in the event of combustion.


Tray cable offers a higher level of shielding than most other types of lines. Tray cables are often installed in industrial and commercial environments with high electromagnetic interference (EMI) levels, which can negatively impact signal transmission. The shielding of tray cables helps protect the conductors from EMI and other sources of electrical noise, improving the signal transmission quality. Tray cables can be shielded with metallic or non-metallic materials, depending on the level of shielding required.


The tray cable jacketing is essential, especially when protecting the line from environmental factors such as moisture, chemicals, and temperature extremes. PVC is the most common material used for jacketing tray cables, but other materials, such as neoprene and ethylene propylene rubber, are also available. These materials resist chemicals, water, and UV radiation, making them suitable for harsh environments.

Temperature and Environmental Ratings

Tray cables are designed to withstand various environmental factors, including temperature extremes, moisture exposure, and chemical exposure. The temperature rating of tray cables is an essential factor to consider, as it determines the maximum temperature at which the line can operate safely. Tray cables are available with temperature ratings ranging from -40°C to 90°C, allowing them to be used in various applications. Tray cables are also available with high levels of environmental protection, such as those rated for direct burial or LSZH-rated, which can help prevent the release of harmful fumes in the event of combustion.

How to Select the Right Tray Cable for Your Application?

How to Select the Right Tray Cable for Your Application?

Tray cables are a vital component in power and control applications. Selecting the suitable tray cable for your specific application requires a profound understanding of your needs and requirements. Proper assessment of critical factors such as electrical environment, cable size, conductor materials, insulation, and jacketing materials is essential. In this article, we will provide the necessary information to decide when selecting the suitable tray cable for your application.

Identifying the specific needs and requirements

The first step towards selecting the suitable tray cable for your application is identifying your specific needs and requirements. Consider the voltage rating, current-carrying capacity, environmental conditions, and other application-specific needs. For instance, if your application involves exposure to harsh weather conditions, then you need to select a tray cable with high resistance to moisture and UV light.

Considering the electrical environment

The next step is to consider the electrical environment where the tray cable will be installed. This includes analyzing the voltage rating, frequency, electrical noise, and harmonic distortion. An environment with high levels of electrical noise and distortion may require a shielded tray cable to minimize the impact of external interference. Similarly, a voltage exceeding 600V may need HV (High Voltage) line to ensure safety and security.

Assessing the cable size and conductor materials

The tray cable size and conductor materials are also essential factors to consider. Different applications require different cable sizes and conductor materials. For example, a high current-carrying capacity application requires a larger cable size with a more prominent conductor. Copper conductors are more expensive but conduct electricity more efficiently than other conductor materials, making them ideal for applications with higher conductivity requirements.

Evaluating the insulation and jacketing materials

The insulation and jacketing materials of tray cable will be in contact with harsh environmental factors. Therefore, selecting suitable materials is essential for safety and durability. Consider the temperature rating requirements for your application to determine the appropriate insulation materials. XLPE is an ideal insulation material for demanding applications with excellent thermal, chemical, and electrical properties.

Consulting relevant codes and standards

Finally, it is crucial to consult relevant codes and standards governing the use of tray cables in your application. Industry standards and safety codes such as the National Electrical Code (NEC), IEEE Requirements, and UL Standards play a crucial role in the design and installation of tray cables. Compliance with these standards ensures the safety and durability of your tray cable.

What are the Common Applications of Tray Cables?

What are the Common Applications of Tray Cables?

Industrial Automation

Tray cable is an essential component in industrial automation systems, where it is used for its multi-conductor design and high-level shielding. It is commonly found in manufacturing plants, assembly lines, and processing facilities, providing a reliable connection for power and control to various electronic equipment. Tray cables can withstand harsh industrial environments, including high temperatures, moisture, and chemical exposure, ensuring dependable operation under the most demanding conditions.

Power and Control Systems

Power and control systems use tray cables to transfer electrical power and data signals. This cable type is designed to handle high currents, making it ideal for large-scale power distribution systems. It also provides a robust connection for transmitting control signals, ensuring safety and efficiency in various applications, such as HVAC systems, lighting, and motors. Tray cables can be used in low- and high-voltage applications, making them versatile for multiple projects.

Utility Substations

Tray cable is frequently used in utility substations to provide power and communication between equipment and control panels. It can support multiple circuits due to its multi-conductor design and can handle high voltages. Tray cables are also resistant to corrosion and moisture, making them ideal for outdoor use. With their reliable performance and durability, tray cables are a critical component of the electrical infrastructure of many utility substations.

Renewable Energy Projects

Tray cable is crucial in renewable energy projects like wind and solar power systems. These systems require a robust and reliable connection to transfer electrical power, and tray cable meets these requirements perfectly. It’s multi-conductor design and high shielding make it suitable for sharing power and control signals in these projects. Tray cables have excellent weather resistance, making them ideal for use in outdoor environments.

Oil and Gas Industry

Tray cable is widely used in the oil and gas industry, providing a dependable connection for power and control signals in hazardous environments. Oil and gas facilities often operate in harsh conditions, including exposure to moisture, chemicals, and extreme temperatures. Tray cables are designed to withstand these conditions, making them ideal for use in this industry. They offer a robust and reliable connection for various equipment, from pumps and compressors to drilling rigs and pipelines.

How to Install Tray Cable?

What is Tray Cable? How to Install Tray Cable?

Tray cable is a multi-conductor control cable used in various industrial and commercial applications. To ensure its proper functionality, the tray cable must be installed correctly. There are different installation methods, including cable trays, direct burial installation, raceway installation, and approved wet or dry locations. Let’s take a closer look at each installation method.

Installation in Cable Trays

Cable trays are a common way to install tray cables, as they provide support and protection while allowing for easy access to the line. When installing tray cable in a cable tray, following the manufacturer’s instructions and local codes and regulations is crucial. Cable trays must be properly grounded, and the tray cable must not be overloaded or exposed to excessive mechanical stress.

Direct Burial Installation

Direct burial installation involves burying tray cables directly in the ground without using a conduit or raceway. However, this method is not recommended for all types of tray cables. For example, PVC tray cable is unsuitable for direct burial, while HDPE tray cable has been designed and tested to meet the requirements for direct burial installations. Applicable codes and regulations should carry out direct burial installations.

Installation in Raceways

Another method of tray cable installation is through the use of raceways. Raceways are conduits designed to protect and contain cables, and they can be made of various materials, including metal, PVC, and fiberglass. When installing tray cable in raceways, choosing the right size and type of raceway is essential, ensuring proper grounding and following all applicable codes and regulations.

Approved Wet or Dry Locations

Tray cable can be installed in wet and dry locations, provided the line is rated for the specific environment. For example, a tray cable rated for damp areas is designed to withstand exposure to moisture, while a tray cable rated for dry areas is not. When installing tray cable in a wet location, the line must be adequately sealed and protected to prevent exposure to water. In contrast, other factors, such as temperature and mechanical stress, must be considered in a dry place.

What are the Benefits of Using Tray Cables in Hazardous Locations?

What are the Benefits of Using Tray Cables in Hazardous Locations?

Compliance with hazardous location regulations

Tray cables are designed to meet the specific requirements of hazardous locations. They comply with the regulatory standards set by National Electrical Code (NEC) and International Electrical Code (IEC) for use in Class I, Division 2, or Zone 2 locations where explosive gases, dust, or fibers may exist. By using tray cables in these areas, you ensure your electrical systems are safe and compliant with industry guidelines.

Enhanced Safety and Durability

Tray cables offer safety and durability when compared to other wire types. They are constructed with higher insulation levels for added protection against electrical hazards, fire, and mechanical damage. Tray cables can withstand high temperatures, direct sunlight, moisture exposure, and corrosive chemicals. With added durability, tray cables reduce maintenance and repair costs, providing a longer-lasting solution that ensures your system’s safety.

Resistance to Environmental Hazards

Tray cables are suitable for harsh environments where other cable types might fail. They offer improved resistance to environmental hazards, such as exposure to chemicals, UV radiation, and extreme temperatures. This resistance makes tray cables ideal for oil and gas refineries, chemical plants, mining operations, and other industrial settings. The added protection and insulation of tray cables ensure the reliability and safety of your critical electrical systems in these environments.

Reduced Risk of Fires and Accidents

Tray cables play a significant role in reducing the risk of fires and accidents in hazardous locations. Cable tray systems provide a safe, contained space for wires to run, making them less likely to be damaged by external factors. Tray cables offer added insulation, reducing the risk of electrical faults and shorts. They also prevent fires by reducing the spread and intensity of flames through their flame-retardant properties.

Longer Lifespan in Harsh Conditions

Tray cables have a longer lifespan when compared to other cable types in harsh conditions. They resist environmental factors, such as moisture, oil, and ozone, that typically break down cables. Tray cables are manufactured to perform well in high-stress environments, reducing the risk of failures and downtime. With their extended lifespan, tray cables offer a more cost-effective solution than other cables that require frequent replacements and repairs in harsh settings.

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Frequently Asked Questions

A: Tray cable is a wire and cable typically used in industrial applications for power-limited circuits. It is approved for wet or dry locations and class 1 division 2 hazardous areas per NEC.

A: THHN-PVC tray cable is a type of tray cable commonly used in applications where cables are intended for use in cable trays. It is supported by a messenger and can be installed in free air or underground.

A: Tray cable offers many benefits, including cold impact resistance, compliance with NEC regulations, and suitability for use in hazardous industrial locations.

A: Tray cable can be used in various applications, including industrial, commercial, and residential settings. It is commonly used for power-limited circuits.

A: Tray cable has a voltage rating of 600 volts.

A: Class 1 tray cables are approved for use in class 1 division 2 hazardous locations, while class 2 tray cables are not.

A: Yes, tray cable is approved for use in wet locations. It is also approved for use in dry areas.

A: Tray cable is approved for power-limited circuits, while PLTC cables are specifically designed for control and instrumentation circuits.

A: When specifying tray cable for a project, you must include information such as the conductor type, insulation material, voltage rating, and any specific requirements for the installation.

A: No, while copper is the most commonly used material for tray cable, other materials, such as aluminum, can also be used.

Tray Cables Expert
Tray Cables Expert
Address: No.218 of Pengping Road, Shaochang Town, Fengxian District, Shanghai,China
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